The Institute of Ecological Technology

The Institute of Ecological Technology is a distributed self-organizing research institute, with a focus on non-conventional ideas and solutions within ecological technology. Our focus is on practical applications and on becoming aware of our interconnectedness with nature. It was formed in the late 70s, inspired a lot by some ideas by the Austrian Viktor Schauberger and has undergone a series of metamorphoses, but can be seen as a focus point for groups interested in non-conventional ecological ideas and solutions.

Going back to that optimum movement, we can dramatically improve modern technology

Designing the Next Golden Age

By Jay Harman

The following text is from a speech given at Bioneers 2004.

Welcome to the new Golden Age! Yes, here, today, right now, in what may feel for some of us like the darkest of times, we are creating a new Golden Age. I think we’re ready for this. We know, deep inside, that a better age for our world is absolutely crucial, and we know it’s possible. That’s why we continue to get up in the morning—to strive for a better world. For me, I know this new Golden Age is possible because of what I’ve learned from nature.


Explosion and Implosion (Expansion and Impansion) from a Scientific and Biological Viewpoint

Expansions are retarded explosive effects in the realm of basic substances, in which decentrating (expanding) reactive effects of a subordinate order are freed.

Impansions are slow processes of densation, which for example, can be exploited in so-called chillers or refrigerating machines and are to be viewed as normal de-stressing processes.

Explosion is chemical reaction that takes place extremely rapidly, in which a large increase in pressure occurs due to large quantities of hot gases. Explosions are always innately destructive. They therefore function in a life-harming way.

Alternative Energy Institute: Viktor Schauberger (missing page found on web.archive.org)

? photo courtesy of Mr. Olof Alexandersson

Sometimes the natural world itself can inspire a forward-thinking scientist to push the boundaries of known scientific theories. Such was the case with Viktor Schauberger, an Austrian forester/visionary born in the late 19th century. Schauberger studied the properties of what he called, "life-enhancing energy," which manifests itself in water or air as vortices. Nearly 100 years ago, Schauberger warned, "Prevailing technology uses the wrong forms of motion. It is based on entropy - on motions which nature uses to break down and scatter materials. However, Nature uses a different type of motion for creating order and new growth. The prevailing explosion-based technology - fuel burning and atom splitting - fills the world with expanding, heat-generating centrifugal motion."

Wind Turbine - Rooftop

http://abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/06/27/1963676.htm?section=business A West Australian inventor believes he has developed a way to generate electricity for homes using wind power. Graeme Attey of Fremantle designed the concept which uses a modular wind turbine that is small enough to sit on a the roof of house.

Water - compilation

gday. this is going to be a really barebones blogpost.

i've been reading Nikola Tesla (the boundary-layer bladeless turbine) and Viktor Schauberger, and would like to draw attention to a few forthcoming quotes (i have them at home - will add tomorrow - finally added ;)).

however, when going online and trying to find info, this is the kind of stuff im looking for
1) Water, is at its densest, and heaviest, at +4C. this can be verified from WikiPedia - both statements.

PAX Scientific - Meet Viktor Schauberger

this is a mashup of articles that detail PaxScientific, and its CEO, Harman's quotes. obviously i started doing this because it has deep connections to what Viktor Schauberger was saying all along. seems there is a huge movement of Biomimicry, that is blissfully unaware of one of its predecessors, Schauberger - with his Comprehend&Copy method. at least back in 2005, PAX Scientific had nothing to say when asked about Viktor Schauberger.

enjoy! if you can.

Dean Warwick

Murder By Remote-Control?
News Brief – October 9, 2006

Further indications have come to light that Dean Warwick, alternative energy pioneer and intelligence insider did not die of natural causes.

Dean Warwick collapsed and died whilst addressing a packed auditorium in Blackpool last weekend. Significantly however, he said he felt a “beam” or “burning” at the side of his head shortly before beginning his talk.

According to those who last spoke to him before he began his talk, Dean said: “I think I’m going to be bumped off”.

Originally from New Zealand but now resident in Scotland, Dean had promised to make some momentous announcements at the conference.

In the weeks prior to speaking at Probe International’s conference, Dean had given Dave Starbuck a foretaste of what was coming in an interview.

Among other things, Dean promised that he would name who was behind the murder of Bobby Kennedy. ....

- Complete article


- PESWiki data on Warwick






Warwick's website - ampliflaire.co.uk


Off-Grid mention of the Dymaxion House

The Dymaxion House

Section: HOMESTEADING — by Juliette Smith, 22 Jul 2004

It looks like a big metallic mushroom, a futuristic tent or a spaceship.

Moray Valve Manuscript

  Moray Valve Manuscript Part I, Radiant Energy Device

This account will endeavor to give a brief explanation of the Moray Radiant Energy device whereby it is possible to utilize the vast stores of energy of the universe without a prime mover, but through ionic oscillations.

A brief description of the device.

Repulsine -> Belluzzo-Schriever-Miethe Diskus

 The following is taken from an article titled "Secrets of the Third Reich". The complete article resides at http://www.violations.org.uk/book4/secrets/nazi_ufo.htm

"...One person who made claims regarding the development of ‘flying saucers’ in Nazi Germany is former Luftwaffe Flight Captain and aircraft designer Rudolph Schriever. He claimed in 1950 that he and a small team had worked at facilities near Prague developing a saucer-type vehicle.

Germano on the similarities between the Tesla Turbine and the Schauberger Repulsine


Frank Germano <frankgermano @ hotmail.com wrote:

Hello List!

Here's my take on the similarities between the Tesla Turbine and the Schauberger Repulsine: Both are VERY similar in what is happening inside the units. In the Tesla Turbine, which, by the way, I have almost a decade of logged time in research and development, we have a spiraling vortex compression device. Adhesion and viscosity, naturally play a large part in how the turbine is driven. The singular problem with the Tesla Turbine is this: at start-up, it want to behave as if it were a Tesla Pump. Meaning, the central opening in the disk pack is "sucking" in air or fluid, and that sucking force must be overcome by the propelling fluid. This little tidbit of info always puzzled me, UNTIL, that is, when I started reading about Schauberger's Repulsine. Add to this the fact that, when the Tesla Turbine is run at internal temperatures high enough to cause the disks to become maliable (ie. above 1200 deg f.) they began to show definate similarities to Schauberger's wavy plates (in the Repulsine) - short of one difference - they scalloped like a clam shell.

Josef Hasslberger on Richard Clem's rotational engine

Comments to CLEM1.ASC (KeelyNet) by Josef Hasslberger

Richard Clem's rotational engine

Although I do not have any information on Clem or his device, I would like to comment on the principle of operation, which seems quite simple and straightforward to who has studied the writings of Viktor Schauberger, the Austrian naturalist and inventor.

Indeed Schauberger was working with vortex action in liquids (especially in water) and was finding effects that were at the time, and are still now, unexplainable with the normal principles of physics or thermodynamics.

As far as I understand the engine made by Clem was built around a cone with spiralling channels cut into it and when a liquid, in that particular case vegetable oil, got pressed through the channels, they caused the cone to turn and at a certain point the flow of the liquid and the turning of the cone became self-sustaining, up to the point of putting out a good and heavy (350 HP for a 200 pound engine) power output.

The Cycloid-Space-Curve-Motion Cycle of Atomic Transitions - as discovered by the Austrian Physicist Viktor Schauberger

by Paul E Potter

Very briefly, Schauberger engineered several types of machines that would create an up-current of axially-spinning air so powerful that the up-current's drag force would speed the whole machine higher and higher into the air. Of the many different types of air turbines he made several of them boasted a thrust force of nearly 10,000 bhp - simply by moving air. Some designers have utilised Schauberger's special turbines for flight and new research suggests that there indeed is a strong case for the continuation and re-establishment of Schauberger's research into these hugely beneficial technologies.

Central to any understanding of Schauberger's levitating force is his use of the cycloid-space-curve, which initially he used to generate a dual flow of fluid through a pipe (see note 1) - of an inner axial flow which moved faster through the pipe than did its peripheral flow which was especially directed into a cycloid path next to the pipe wall (see Schauberger's patent 134543).

Vortex Extractor / Muffler




Proving itself against other leading brand names


Change the way your car sounds.
Increase your PETROL ECONOMY by up to 20%

While offering you - MORE POWER , Better

The unique design incorporates VORTEX MECHANICS, which sets up a spin effect
within the exhaust system DRAWING THE GASES AWAY FROM YOUR

* Creating more TORQUE and much LESS FUEL CONSUMPTION

Typically. Land Rover V8 From I9 Ltrs. per 100km - TO - 13 Ltrs. per 1OOkm.

Windaus Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

via OSEN - http://www.opensourceenergy.org/C17/News%20Viewer/default.aspx?ID=1103 

Windaus Energy Inc. has developed prototypes of a vertical-axis wind turbine and are looking for places to install working demos.


Earlier this year, Windhaus Energy Inc. announced prototypes of a new vertical-axis wind turbine. The device and its transmission system is said to be the first 3-vane helical concept. According to Windhaus, the design relies on torque rather than speed, and many benefits could be derived from this type of operation. The company has yet to complete any formal field-testing for commercial application, but some limited testing has been done. And it’s scoping out places to install working demos.

-- Charlee Redman (OSEN)


From an announcement they sent out earlier this year:

Designed and manufactured by Windaus, this device and the attendant transmission system is the first three-vane helical concept to our knowledge. Some limited testing has been done by the company but no formal field-testing for commercial application has yet been completed.

The prototypes are mounted with the larger models on wheeled trailers.

The properties inherent to our design do not allow the outer edge of the vanes to exceed wind speed. They are virtually silent. They are not intimidating. The design relies on torque rather than speed, and many benefits are derived from this concept. Also, most of the "working parts" are housed at the base of the frame, facilitating easy maintenance and simple upgrades. Its operation mitigates many challenges facing conventional horizontal-axis turbines.

Specifications are available on their website, including output, torque, power output. As other people have pointed out, there are some disadvantages to this style of turbine, but there are also some advantages. It looks far more suitable for local micro power than mega wind farms.

Source: Slashdot comment by delfstrom on November 08, 2005










FEBRUARY 3, 2004

click here for EDAV Project Part l

click here for EDAV Project Part ll

click here for EDAV Project Part lll

>>  click here for Waveplate Mechanics  <<

The continued research into the action of the waveplates brings forth many known scientific rules which I will begin to address in these writings.

Also, Victor S. especially noted that the waveplates be fabricated out of copper alloy material, with a silver coated anodizing. The egg shaped housing is also fabricated out of copper. So, of course the logical question is why. This will also be addressed in these writings.

To begin with, as you start the spin of the waveplates, you will create a vacuum of air to be sucked across the plates toward the outside diameter. This will now start a rotation of normal air molecules circulating counterclockwise around the inside of the enclosed housing. Now anytime you enclose circulating air mass in an enclosed chamber, the normal air friction between the air molecules and the housing will create heat. The recirculating air, spinning into itself creates no friction, so it is the subsequent impact that creates this heat. Heat always creates pressure. So now we have a building of pressure also inside the egg housing. The normal resistant air has to come from somewhere so a velocity cone is assembled into the center of the housing to direct incoming cool air into the spinning plates. See DIAGRAM 1. Now the air has to have an escape method so at the top of the egg housing and attached to the center mounted velocity cone is an exhaust turbine that is connected via the velocity cone back to the waveplates. As the heated air begins to build pressure, this pressure is naturally funneled into the exhaust turbine. The resulting pressure is now used to add velocity back down the cone into the waveplates. Now, the resulting airflow inside begins to increase in temperature to about 300-500 degrees F. within a few minutes.

This is where things begin to get interesting. The press formed plates after assembly create a waveform intersticial space. Both plates are maintained at a distance at the inside diameter and decrease in a uniformed distance all the way to the outside diameter. Now the exact spacing is unknown at this time. The slits cut into the upper plates let the outside circulating air get sucked into the area between the waveplates. Rotational velocity creates the suction or vacuum. So after a period of time we now have normal resistant air in the chamber getting very hot, and this air is being sucked right back into the waveplates. Lets take normal water and cool it to a crisp 42 degrees and now inject this cooled water into the center of the intersticial area. We will now create a normal thunderstorm to happen which I will denote as a natural endothermic reaction. Science describes an Endothermic Reaction to be: “Cold tries to take energy away from hot and creates an expansion of pressure”. Victor talks about this same thing on page 87-88, “Heat is first generated thru friction. The heat is immediately absorbed by the water and in the process a physical vacuum is created. Which then gives rise to the emergence of inner atomic rays. Due to the absorbed heat, the free dissolved oxygen still present in the water becomes aggressive owing to the present of the vacuum. Through the encounter of the mutually opposed, contra-directionally propagated, excited rays, the precondition for the marriage is created, the child of this union is organic, or cold light.

Now, not a lot of water need be injected to cause this to happen and if this water is atomized at the injection point, a better reaction is created. In between the waveplates we now have created a pressurized state to develop on top of the rotational vacuum. Whereby creating the repulsion state to come about.

Lets look at a normal garden hose. Usually a garden hose has about 40 lbs of pressure behind it to flow the water. By installing a squeeze nozzle at the end, the pressure in the hose builds, and when you squeeze the nozzle and inject all that pressure thru a very small orifice, a stream of water up to 20 feet is ejected. Now lets put this same analogy into the waveplates. We have produced now a pressure inside the waveplates that is vacuumed to the outside diameter by rotational velocity and now all is required is a small orifice around the outside diameter to create the repulsion energy. As the rotation increases, pressure increases, and when the repulsion effect happens the air molecules create their expansion on exiting the orifice at the outside diameter subsequently ejecting against the turbine blades which are cocked at a 30 degree angle. This results in a increase of rotation of the waveplates along with the expansion of air pressure up to 115 times. The ejection of the repulsed air will now also increase the pressure inside the egg housing increasing the pressure against the exhaust blades creating even more spin back into the waveplates. We now have created a living breathing motor, just as V.S. has talked about. By siphoning off the rotation of the center shaft and reducing the rpm thru a reduction drive now creates H.P. Rotational control can also be done by creating a mechanical devise to control the turbine blade angle to increase or decrease spin, Much like an adjustable pitch propeller on an aircraft.

But every engine will produce a by product from a reaction. Combustion engines that burn gasoline and oxygen produce carbon monoxide. The repulsion engine will produce a hydrogen byproduct, after separating the hydrogen molecule from the oxygen. But now this hydrogen molecule is being recirculated back thru the waveplates along with the normal resistant air and we may now create sub-atomic hydrogen. So now our calculations are changed from normal resistant air molecules to heated hydrogen ionized gas circulating around the egg chamber. A completely different set of temp/pressure/ vacuum equations are justified because of the now changing gas product.

Electrical emissions are also a by-product of this wonderful device. Since the waveplates are isolated away from the center shaft, a positive charge of electricity is going to build up on the waveplates. This is also explained by “When the hydrogen atom is caused to impact a copper atom at a high rate of acceleration, then the copper atom will capture the last remaining electron of the hydrogen atom”. This now creates the basis for ionized hydrogen or sub-atomic hydrogen.

A Hydrogen Ion: Having a kinetic energy of 1 electron volt, would have a velocity of 10.85 x 10(3) m/sec or nearly 6.1 miles per second (32,208 ft/sec. or 21,954 mph.). As long as ionized hydrogen does not combine with other gases like 02 it will be H or monatomic hydrogen. It will occupy twice the space of H2 and have twice the lifting power. (.014) Hydrogen gas on the other hand has a average molecular speed of 1693 m/sec or 5554.73 ft/sec @32 degrees F. or 0 degrees Centigrade. That is .07 lbs lift per cubic foot of gas.

The blue hue effect seen outside the egg housing is the formation of monatomic hydrogen which has lost its last remaining electron to the copper waveplates. This again is known well in the circle of science. Most cases of UFO sightings will talk about a humming noise or the blue hue noticed around the top of the circular vehicles.

The waveplates have to be isolated away from the center shaft, because this charge is not allowed to be grounded. Noticed, by more than one observer who has been able to create this effect is the strong static lightning bolts seen shooting out of the repulsion housing. These build up of charges can be captured and manipulated to capacitors and Static/AC/DC transformers for production into usable electrical current. This current can be used in operation of the vehicle or used to process electrical energy for residential use. Imagine running your repulsion system on the water supplied to your house. Static electricity is also the basis for electronic force fields.

V.S. wrote that on average, implosive forces are 127 times more powerful than explosive forces. Tesla’s 12” multi bladed turbine produced a possible 125 hp while Schaubergers 12” waveplates produced 1250 hp. (10 times more) Small implosion machines of 8” diameter rotating at 10,000 rpm. Can lift 57 tons and at 20,000 rpm. 228 tons.

So a 18” diameter should connect with repulsion energy at about 1500 rpm with an outside diameter velocity of 14,130 ft/min. or a speed of 282.6 mph. A total rpm range can easily exceed 10,000 rpm. So this could generate an enormous lift range totally incomparable to anything in existence even today. Air driven implosion machines specify air speeds of 124 mph. (124mph x 5280ft = 654720/60 min. = 10912/60 sec = 181.86 fps.

Wind velocity, must exceed this amount before repulsion happens. (pg. 134 fig.21) The greater the rpm, the more lift capability. So the 18” waveplate rotating at 10,000 rpm has an outside velocity of 1570 fps. Exactly how much lift capacity (suction), unknown. The actual volume of cubic feet of air moving thru the repulsion unit is staggering.

Hydrogen, being a by-product of the repulsion unit does not destroy the atmosphere like carbon monoxide. It actually enhances the environment.” The aeriform substances transformed in the machine create very high grade nitrogenous material which increases the vitality and germinating capacity of the vegetation”. V.S. PG. 116 Energy Evolution

Wave Frequency’s

Wave frequencies are also emitted from the repulsion unit upon entering the repulsion state. These frequencies are denoted to be in the 8 megahertz range. Much has been found regarding this information and will write more on this at a latter time.

Waveplate Technology

There are numerous ways of restructuring the waveplate system to cause many forms of energy to come about. I will explain several of these that were written in “The Energy Evolution” book.

Atmospheric Vortex Engine

AVE Power Plant


Mechanical energy is produced when heat is carried upward by convection in the atmosphere. A process for producing a tornado-like vortex and concentrating mechanical energy where it can be captured is proposed. The existence of tornadoes proves that low intensity solar radiation can produce concentrated mechanical energy. It should be possible to control a naturally occurring process. Controlling where mechanical energy is produced in the atmosphere offers the possibility of harnessing solar energy without having to use solar collectors.

The Atmospheric Vortex Engine (AVE) is a process for capturing the mechanical energy which could be produced when heat is carried upward by convection in the atmosphere. The AVE process is protected by patent applications and could become a major source of electrical energy. The unit cost of electrical energy produced with an atmospheric vortex engine could be half the cost of the next most economical alternative.


The piston engine has been dominant for over a century.
Have we abdicated to do better?
And if better exists, are we going to give it a try?

Quasiturbine - A New Approach

An engine for optimum efficiency and clean environment
under any load, torque, pressure, flow, power or RPM !

The New Quasiturbine QT600SC pneumatic (click for more)
(The smaller sister QT75SC is shown on the right)

Dynamic Hydropower

Josef Hasslberger
Rome, Italy
December 1993


The "suction turbine" or "jet turbine" of Viktor Schauberger

Hydropower engineering, up to this day, is almost esclusively concerned with two variables, one being the altitude differential between head water and turbine and the other the quantity of water that can be brought to flow through the turbines.

A third important variable, the velocity of flow of water, is generally not thought to be important. It is taken into consideration only as the velocity resulting from the release of water pressure connected to and dependent on altitude differential but not as an important factor in its own right. In fact, current design of hydropower facilities normally excludes utilization of the dynamic energy potential inherent in the free flow of water. A dam destroys this natural energy potential by bringing the water from its dynamic state of flow to a static state, a complete absence of motion.

If we study the writings of Viktor Schauberger and Ludwig Herbrand, we find that the energy inherent in the free and unhindered flow of water may be potentially much greater than that obtainable from the exclusive use of pressure resulting from altitude differential.

A normal flow of water rather than an altitude-induced pressure, has been used in mills and old blacksmith hammerworks of the pre-industrial era.


In recent times, it was Viktor Schauberger, the Austrian inventor and genial observer of nature's ways who first advocated the use of increased water velocity rather than water pressure for the production of hydroelectric power. He obtained a patent for what he termed a jet turbine (Strahlturbine) as early as the year 1930. (1)

The principles used by Schauberger in order to increase water velocity were the jet configuration of the water inlet pipe and the promotion, by spiral ribbings on the inside of the jet, of a vortex motion of the water.

Schauberger's patent actually gives us two very important clues to innovative changes in hydropower technology.

The first one is, that a pipe configured as a funnel or jet will increase the velocity of the water's flow by restricting the space available in which the water may flow. This increase in velocity is especially great if the funnel or jet allows or even encourages the water to form a characteristic flow pattern known as a vortex. This vortex pattern itself has a tendency, quite separate from the jet-effect, to increase the velocity of the water, to decrease its temperature and to augment the water's density.

The second innovation proposed by Schauberger is a revolutionary design of the turbine, obtaining rotation at very high speeds and at the same time avoiding the usual difficulties of cavitation found in normal high speed turbine designs. In fact Schauberger's turbine wheel is of conical shape, with 'ribs' spiralling down the surface of the cone in a corkscrew pattern, and it is located in the center of the jet of water. The corkscrew turbine wheel parts the flow of water, takes up the water's dynamic energy and lets the flow continue without major disruption. Turbines of current design "hack" the water into thousands of destructive counter flows and cross vortices, thus wasting much of the available energy and causing the common problem of cavitation, a super fast corrosion and destruction of turbine blade material.

Here is the description of this new type of turbine as given in Schauberger's patent number 117 749:

"The subject of the invention is a hydropower machine, which utilizes the living energy of a jet of water for the purpose of power generation.

According to the invention, the turbine wheel is a cone with corkscrew-like blades. The cone is aligned with its axis in the direction of the axis of the jet. In this way the jet of water is split and diverted out of its course and thus gives its whole living energy to the spinning cone in a way that, providing the lenght of the cone and the width of its base are in a correct relation to each other and provided the blades are set at the correct angle, these parameters depending on the speed of the water jet, the water will flow out of the machine without agitation.

The illustration is an approximate schematic representation of the invention.

The spinning cone, which is aligned with its axis (1) in the direction of the water jet leaving the jet pipe (2), is made up of blades (3) in the form of a corkscrew.

The ends (4) of these blades (3) are bent somewhat upwards against the direction of the arriving water jet in order to cause a diversion of the jet and to transfer as much as possible of the living energy of the jet to the spinning cone.

On the inside of the jet pipe (2) there are screw-like ribs (5) promoting a spin, which according to actual observations increase the speed of the water jet and the efficiency of the machine.


  • A jet turbine, distinguished by the fact that in the path of the water jet and aligned with its axis so as to split the jet, there is a turbine wheel in the form of a cone, the surface of which is formed of corkscrew-like blades.
  • A jet turbine according to claim 1, distinguished by a jet pipe (2) with ribs (5) slanted in the direction of spin of the turbine wheel."

This patent was applied for in 1926 and granted in 1930. It seems that Schauberger actually used a small turbine of this design in a stream of water near the forest wardens' building during those years, to generate electricity, but no reliable records are available. (2)


Another instance of the use of the dynamic powers of flowing water has been documented by Ludwig Herbrand, a German engineer who as a student in the mid 1930's was called to evaluate and calculate the parameters of some generators and exciter units that had recently been installed in the Rheinfelden power station, as well as to design electrical overload protection and relevant switching mechanisms for these generators. He was also required to compare the generators with those of another power station that had been described in an article of a specialized magazine.

Much to the dismay of the then young and inquisitive engineering student, it seemed that the generators under examination were supplying more electrical energy than they should have, according to accepted theory. One of the generators of the Rheinfelden power plant, with 50 cubic meters of water per second and an altitude differential of only one meter supplied just as much power as a generator in near Ryburg-Schwörstadt, which had a capacity of 250 cubic meters of water per second and an altitude differential from head waters to turbine of 12 meters! (3)

That fact was confirmed by prof. Finzi, the designer of the turbines and generators, saying to young Herbrand:

"Do not worry about this. It is correct. The generator has been working without problems for some time now. Make the calculations backwards and you will see for yourself. We are electrical engineers. Why, those other problems are not ours to solve, we leave them to the water people. We have repeated our measurements and the generator's yield of power is exactly as specified. The only thing is - no one knows about this." (4)

Herbrand was soon drafted into the army and World War II did not allow him to pursue the matter further. Only much later, in the 1970s and 1980s, Herbrand came back to the calculations made for his engineering exams and tried - so far without success - to interest industry and government in this different and more efficient use of hydropower.

Technical facts

I shall attempt to delineate here the technical facts, using calculations that are based on accepted formulas and physical considerations confirmed by actual experiment, to show that with a different approach to hydropower engineering, we could obtain significantly more electrical power than is being extracted from hydro resources today, with simpler machinery and less expenditure, as well as less disturbance to the environment.

As mentioned above, current hydropower engineering works with water pressure, obtained as a result of the altitude differential between head waters and location of the turbine. This pressure, when released through the turbine, results in a momentary acceleration of the water and thus in a certain velocity of the water jet. This velocity is calculated with the formula

v = Sqrt 2 . g . h v being the velocity, g the gravitational acceleration of the earth (9.81 m/sec2) and h the altitude differential measured in meters.

Example: An altitude of 12 m results in a velocity of Sqrt 2 . 9.81 . 12 = 15.3 m/sec.

The progression of velocity in relation to altitude differential is shown in the following table.

head in meters 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120
velocity in m/sec 15.3 21.7 26.6 30.7 34.3 37.6 40.6 43.4 46 48.5
head in meters 132 144 156 168 180 192 204 216 228 240
velocity in m/sec 50.9 53.1 55.3 57.4 59.4 61.4 63.3 65.1 66.9 68.6
These values are rendered graphically below.

We see that the curve of velocity at first increases more steeply and then tends to flatten with higher altitude differentials.

Let us now examine the energy output in kilowatt with increasing altitude differential.

The increase of energy output is linear, as shown in the graphic above.


The electrical energy that can be obtained from water is calculated on the basis of the velocity of flow and the mass of the water, i.e. magnitude of flow measured in cubic meters per second, according to the formula

E kin = m/2 . v 2 (kw)

An example, assuming a velocity of 25 m/sec and a mass of 5 cubic meters per second:

Toy Tesla Turbine

found at http://www.gyroscope.com/d.asp?product=TESLATURBINE


Invented by the creator of the AC power system this is a truly unique technology
that has been forgotten for nearly 100 years

Tesla Turbine

Tesla Turbine Tesla Turbine Tesla Turbine
(click on the images to enlarge)

Victor Schauberger's Biography

based on http://www.schauberger-books.org.uk/mainframe.shtml


1885 Viktor Schauberger born in Holzschlag, Upper Austria, into a family with a long tradition of caring for the unspoilt Alpine forests.

1914-18 Soon after the birth of his son Walter, Viktor was enlisted in the Kaiser's army.

1919 Appointed forest warden and gamekeeper.

Repulsine notes


From: Ruud Rouleaux (HOME OFFICE)
To: [email protected]
Sent: Tuesday, August 16, 2005 11:03 AM
Subject: [viktorschaubergergroup] back from Holiday

Just came back from Italy and afterwards visited the PKS in Austria and had a good talk with Joerg Schauberger.


The motion of the trout is still the key-factor of the implosion theory. The repulsine is also called the trout turbine. Imagine the trouts head as the repulsine, together with a gill-system, to implode water. See if you get this, the impulse comes from the flowing water, intake through the mouth, creation of new water/vortex ring through the gill-systems, exit trough the gill and creation of a imploding vortex (re-pulse). The trout will be shot-away like a prunestone that is launched between two fingers.


Please have a look at the schauberger group website, look under files and trout propulsion [now also the links below]. Here a some ideas about the movement of fish.

An Introduction to Vortices and Vorticity - vortex.pdf
Fish Exploiting Vortices Decrease Muscle Activity
Part 1B Engineering: Biological and Medical Engineering, Fish Swimming, Lecture 1 -2

IET Community: Repulsine - Temperature Drop

stewart mackenzie <[email protected]>
Date: Mon Aug 15, 2005  8:15 am
Subject: [viktorschaubergergroup]Curt Repulsine

Hi Curt

Interesting to hear what you have accomplished. Now I have an interest in the repulsine because, it can be adapted for water purification, air land and water transportation, cooling air, free electricity, and a host of others limited only by imagination.

Prof. Alfred Evert

Ether is unique real existing matter. All ether of universe is in steady swinging Universal Ethermovement at quant-small spiralic tracks. This omnipresent basic swinging motion functions ordering (analogue to points of view of Global Scaling).

Potential-Vortex-Cloud Local limited swinging motions occur at more coarse tracks, which in principle show pattern of ´Potential-Vortex-Cloud´, e.g. in shape of galaxies, sun-systems or like electrons work (by quite new shape of vortices). Depending on character of this local motions, diverse (coarse-matter) occurrences result, e.g. physical ´fields´ or radiation.

Ether is real continuum, thus gapless and undividable (unique properties, because also this substance is unique matter, nowhere else described like here). Only based at these facts, highly limited possibilities of motions result, which only are reasons for compelling nature laws, e.g. right-angled effects of electromagnetic appearances.

There are also ´fine-matter´ Potential-Vortex-Clouds, which represent mental-spiritual content. These are also really manifest like physical occurrences, both by movements of real matter of ether. These vortices of ´high vibrations´ can multiply overlay and affect morphogenetic (analogue Sheldrake).

This view of ether allows to explain many phenomena based at real motion´s processes (instead of common pure abstract hypotheses). This ether is medium for materia like spirit, both are appearances of vortex-structures only of different ´frequencies´.

So quite real and absolutely direct ´everything is bound to anything´. New ethic (of age-old values) results inevitably by this world-view. That´s content of Ether-Physics- and -Philosophy described at this website (which is permanently updated).

Evert Electro-Static-Dynamo In addition here are discussed further subjects, e.g. concerning fluid-technology, mechanical rotor-systems, Bessler-Wheel, crop-circles, remote viewing, perpetuum mobile and basic understanding for usage of Free Energies. For example, most interesting concept is this Electrostatic-Electricitygenerator.

All subjects are to find via following main-menu or via sitemap. Available are also download-files (.zip or .pdf-files) for offline study of comprehensive workouts (also CD is available).

Hope you enjoy exiting content of this website!

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