PAX Scientific - Meet Viktor Schauberger

this is a mashup of articles that detail PaxScientific, and its CEO, Harman's quotes. obviously i started doing this because it has deep connections to what Viktor Schauberger was saying all along. seems there is a huge movement of Biomimicry, that is blissfully unaware of one of its predecessors, Schauberger - with his Comprehend&Copy method. at least back in 2005, PAX Scientific had nothing to say when asked about Viktor Schauberger.

enjoy! if you can.

there seems to be a biomimicry guild too! http://www.biomimicry.net/
the links to paxscientific articles were grabbed from http://peswiki.com/index.php/Directory:PAX_Scientific (and the paxscientific website)
so if you are aware of 2006-2007 interviews/articles about pax scientific, please let me know.

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At 55, Harman is putting what he's learned about the spiral to use through his company, PAX Scientific, an industrial design firm that specializes in fluid movement technology. PAX's flagship design is the "impeller" -- a new propeller design that just might revolutionize the shipping industry. The classic propellers used by today's freightliners do little to cut down on drag, causing cavitation (air bubbles) that reduces efficiency to around 50 percent. By contrast, Harman's impeller channels water in the spiraling pattern in which it naturally travels. As a result, one six-inch Lily Impeller (named for the flower that inspired its shape) in a municipal water treatment facility can move 1 million gallons of water in just 24 hours, using the same amount of energy as a single household lightbulb. Early testing shows that the impeller design improves a ship engine's efficiency by up to 10 percent. While that might not sound too impressive, the actual implications are tremendous. According to the Encyclopedia of Energy, marine cargo ships burn 200 metric tons of diesel fuel every year. One freighter can go through 10,000 gallons in a single day. The industry as a whole spends $43 billion a year on fuel, and as a result, it considers a 1 percent increase in propulsion efficiency money in the bank. A 10 percent increase (meaning savings of more than $4 billion industrywide) is unheard of. If Harman has his way, his invention will transform not just ship propellers, but also fans, turbines, fuselages, air and water purifiers, industrial mixers -- any technology that requires the movement of fluid. According to Harman, that's "most fields of human endeavor -- from architecture to engineering, from medical science to aerospace." Implemented that way, this little seaweed-aping gadget really could change the world.

...as Harman told an audience at the annual Bioneers conference in San Rafael, California, last October, it's more affordable for manufacturers to stamp out straight lines than curves. "But," he noted, "nature never travels in straight lines."
Today the technology exists to affordably mass-produce curved lines. That fact, combined with the increasing desire to reduce energy waste, is creating a sudden demand for Harman's ideas. Like the boats driven by his impellers, spirals are charging full steam ahead.
( The Good Ship - Utne, July/August 2005, by Chuck Terhark. )


"An enormous amount of the energy we humans use is to overcome friction, " Harman says. "And nature overcomes friction in far more efficient ways than we do." In nature, liquids and gases flow in a geometrically consistent, three-dimensional, centripetal swirling pattern, and natural organisms function very efficiently within that pattern, he says.

He began to wonder if he as a designer could apply those concepts. Fish, birds, plants, insects?anything that moves through fluid or moves fluid in order to survive?became potential sources of inspiration. His first biomimicry design work came in the 1980s, when he built boats with hulls based on the shapes of dolphins and fish. In the 1990s, the shapes of sea creatures such as the trochus snail, sea anemone, squid and octopus suggested a more effective shape for propellers. "That's our secret sauce, and we're lucky because nobody else has accomplished it," Harman says. " Nature is so elegant in what it does, I think: 'Why do we put up with all of this industrial equipment that's not really doing a good job?' "

For instance, large ships consume billions of dollars' worth of fuel every year, but many ship propellers are only 40 percent to 50 percent efficient, he says, which means a lot of that fuel is wasted. One of the reasons is that ship propellers create and suffer from "cavitation": air bubbles formed, in part, by turbulence. Cavitation is a serious problem because it creates drag, and it can damage the propellers. Using what he learned from the geometric shapes of creatures in the sea, Harman has designed a propeller that does not cause cavitation. "That's very significant," he says. "Even a small increase in the efficiency of ships could save a tremendous amount of fuel."

"I love nature, and I hate waste," Harman says. "I'd have to say in every case I've ever seen, nature is still the supreme designer."
(Replicating Success - Biomimics learn from nature's grand designs Horizons, May 2004, by Kathy Witkowsky.)

"Mr. Harman showed a small device capable of circulating five million gallons of water, using only a light bulb's worth of electricity. "It's all about flow," he said, adding that the technology could be applied to aircraft, fans, pumps and water circulators for reservoirs."
(San Rafael Journal: At This Gathering, the Only Alternative Is to Be Alternative - The New York Times, October 24, 2006, by Patricia Leigh Brown. )

When Jay Harman was a skinny 10-year-old swimming off the coral reefs of Australia's western coast, he had an insight that 37 years later would lead him to invent an industrial design that could change personal computing, aeronautics and how drinking water is purified. As a nature-loving boy, the young Australian just wanted to swim faster, so he watched how fish moved through water and how seaweed undulated against the reef when a wave crashed. The shape he noticed that day was a simple curve that fluidly formed into a spiral. From then on, Harman would see spirals as a common design in nature--in pinecones, whirlpools, a puff of smoke.

Now he believes spirals are a key to making a wide array of machines more energy-efficient. Through his 9-year-old company, Pax Scientific, he's trying to bring that natural form into the technological world. So far, he's invented industrial designs for fans, pumps and propellers that mimic the geometries of spiraling whirlpools. Experts believe these designs can reduce friction, wasted energy, noise and unwanted heat.
To get to the heart of what's so different about Harman's invention, it's good to understand how nature tends to operate on a curve, while scientists tend to develop things that work in a straight line.
"The path of the spiral exerts considerably less energy and friction than a straight line," said Harman.
Big thinkers such as Isaac Newton, Leonardo da Vinci and the ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes have made similar observations in nature. The sun spirals on its path through the galaxy. A moth's path to a flame is a spiral, not a straight line. Even human sweat is emitted in an efficient spiral.

Biomimicry argues that nature uses only the energy it needs, fits form to function, and recycles everything. So why not design products the same way?

"It wasn't a new idea (the idea of spirals as a common denominator in nature), but it was the first time I heard about it as an engineering design idea," said Gianluca Iaccarino, senior research associate at Stanford University's Center for Turbulence Research, who has been working with Harman since 2002.

....He also worked as a boat designer, where he applied similar principles of nature design, creating commercial boats in the shapes of dolphins and killer whales.

Untrained in the field of fluid dynamics, he approached the concept intuitively, alone in his garage.

He started by reverse-engineering a whirlpool's shape in a bathtub, taking a cast of the water while it drained. He won't divulge how exactly he did this--the method is proprietary, he said--but he used the cast to develop models for impellers, or routers that impart motion to a fluid. For years, he and his wife, a company co-founder, tested the designs in homemade wind tunnels.
In 2002, through a mutual friend, Harman met Santhanam "Slim" Shekar, a retired venture capitalist formerly with Bechtel. Shekar quickly left retirement behind, investing in the company and lending his business savvy and contacts.
They approached scientists at Stanford and MIT to get feedback on the theories, but they experienced a lot of initial push-back. "People would say, 'You're building a model in the shape of a shell? That's certifiable,'" Harman recalled.
Harman hired his first engineer later that year, and then added a team of 18 mechanical engineers, mathematicians and specialists in fluid dynamics. Scientists at Stanford, including Iaccarino, have also helped develop numerical simulations of the models and verified their effectiveness.
"It is unusual the way they make the designs, and you get unusual and interesting results that seem to lead to improvement in performance," said Godfrey Mungal, a Stanford professor in the Thermosciences Division, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
In 2004, executives from Revcor.... asked Pax to develop a design that could improve its kitchen and bathroom fans, which are notoriously noisy and known to be about 96 percent energy-inefficient.....air conditioners have several parts, including fan blades, heat exchangers and compressors, that can take advantage of the work done at Pax.....the blade design, which mimics the geometries of a whirlpool, reduced the energy required by the fan by between 31 percent and 35 percent, depending on the fan's size. Similarly, its design for the heat exchanger reduced the energy required to operate the fan by 50 percent in computer simulations, according to Harman and Stanford scientists who have evaluated it. Pax is currently working on a design for the compressor. As a result, Delphi has entered into a three-year deal with PaxFan, a spin-off of Pax Scientific. Delphi has licensed the design for air conditioners, which Revcor will manufacture, that will be used in automobiles. What impressed experts was the noise reduction of the fans. Iaccarino said the aerodynamics of the spiral-fan design produced an extremely quiet fan compared with a conventional one. The fan and heat exchange designs reduced the air conditioner's noise by 40 percent, Harman said.

Similarly, PC makers are looking to Pax for noise and cooling efficiency.

Pax's approach is to look to the thermodynamics of eggs as a model for conserving heat, with sophisticated methods for retaining and dissipating heat, just as a hen's egg manages to retain heat when its mother ventures from the nest.

 

NASA Ames Research Center also contracted Pax to produce a quieter fan for the computer systems at the International Space Station. Astronauts at the space station are forced to wear earplugs because the computing systems are so loud.
Drinking water reservoirs could also use Pax's spiral impellers. Pax has been working with several groups testing impellers that have proven more efficient than the giant mixers that are commonly used today to keep water from becoming stagnant.
In a 4 million gallon tank of water that's 40 feet deep, Pax's small impeller, which is 6 inches by 4 inches, creates a whirlpool to circulate the entire tank, improving the water's purity. It can mix the water with about 50 watts, or the power of a household light bulb. The impeller costs about $25,000 to install, but the company hopes to eventually get the price under $5,000.

Harman said that helping people and the planet are two of the underlying tenets of his business, but first it needs the profits. Stanford's Iaccarino said that if anyone has the chops to pull it off, it's Harman. "Most of the time," Iaccarino said, "people with great ideas don't take a risk."
( Turning nature's design into scientific breakthrough - (CNet; March 1, 2006) by Stefanie Olsen.)

"Biomimicry is the art or science of looking to nature for solutions and creating either products or tools that emulate nature so that you do things better, more efficiently and create some benefit," said Santhanam "Slim" Shekar, PAX's executive vice president. Examples can be seen almost everywhere - the flight of a hummingbird, the temperature in an ant hill.
"Engineers and construction managers are looking at the way spiders create spider webs," Shekar said. "The strength of a spider web is incomparable to anything engineers do because it is so much better. "It is not only beautiful, it is strong, it is flexible."
"The human heart has to work efficiently for 80 to 100 years. It is the most efficient pump known to man and yet hardly an engineer looks at the human heart to emulate the design for a pump," Shekar said. "We at PAX are doing this." County Supervisor Charles McGlashan spoke at the event. He cited Janine Benyus, author of "Biomimicry," and her description of the "brilliance" of an orange peel being water-tight, fully biodegradable and strong . "Her idea was, look at those things, and for the business innovators and designers out
there, guess what, nature has a 5.98 billion year head start doing good R and D,"
( Firm tries to mimic grand designs, Marin Independent Journal, June 7, 2006, by Carla Bova.)

Studies on how butterflies and peacocks display brilliant colors yet contain no pigment except brown are paving the way to chemical-free hues. Work by Jay Harman, with Pax Scientific in San Rafael, has answered the question " How would a nautilus make a better fan?" with spiral-based air handlers that save energy and are quieter than electric fans.
("Nature may offer vital clues on rebuilding New Orleans forests and butterflies hold key to better design" by Susan Fornoff. (San Francisco Chronicle; September 14, 2005))

"We have a perfect storm happening right now," says Jay Harman, an inventor and CEO of PAX Scientific, which designs fans, mixers, and pumps to achieve maximum efficiency by imitating the natural flow of fluids. "Shapes in nature are extremely simple once you understand them, but to understand what geometries are at play, and to adapt them, is a very complex process. We only just recently have had the computer power and manufacturing capability to produce these types of shapes."
"If we could capture nature's efficiencies across the board, we could decrease dependency on fuel by at least 50 percent," Harman says. "What we're finding already with the tools and methodology we have right now is that we can reduce energy consumption by between 30 and 40 percent."
Despite these potential energy savings, Harman says, he's long faced stubbornness among industry engineers, who believed efficiency was synonymous with the sort of cookie-cutter design and manufacturing that's been around since the industrial revolution. It's only recently that mainstream companies have begun to equate biomimicry with the bottom line. DaimlerChrysler, for example, introduced a prototype car modeled on a coral reef fish. Despite its boxy, cube-shaped body, which defies a long-held aerodynamic standard in automotive design (the raindrop shape), the streamlined boxfish proved to be aerodynamically ideal and the unique construction of its skin -- numerous hexagonal, bony plates -- a perfect recipe for designing a car of maximum strength with minimal weight.
(Mimicking Mother Nature Utne, April 2006, by Andy Isaacson.)

It started with an Australian kid named Jayden Harman, who observed the way 25-foot-long strands of sea kelp could withstand the strongest current without losing their grip on the coral below.
At 10, he figured out the basic puzzle: Kelp kept its cool by winding itself into a spiral shape, which provided the least resistance possible to the water that was rushing past the plant.
"Suddenly it occurred to me that nature uses a particular way of streamlining," Harman told Horizon Air magazine last year.
Pax Scientific, the company Harman founded to license his designs and the same one working with Sarasota County on desalination, has since put a lid on interviews.
After the kelp, Harman started seeing the same spiral in many aspects of nature, including the cochlea of the human ear, and the beautiful interior of the nautilus shell, Benyus says. All it takes is a cross section of the spiral shape to create a highly efficient fan or prop.
"It looks like a regular fan blade, but it has that certain curve," Benyus says. "The way air and water run along that thing is extremely optimized."
"It could revolutionize propellers, fans in cars, range hoods, computers. Their tests I have seen -- it shows 50 percent less energy and is 75 percent quieter."

Some researchers remain skeptical. Asks Rustum Roy, professor emeritus of materials science at Pennsylvania State University: "Biomimicry may produce something useful in very tiny areas, but what else are we going to apply it to? Not to highways or steel mills."

One of the most striking and common patterns in nature is the spiral found in phenomena as varied as human embryos, nautilus shells, whirlpools, and galaxies. The shape has fascinated Jayden Harman since his childhood in western Australia, when he noticed it in swirls of kelp while snorkeling. "Seaweed is fragile, but it survives in storms by changing its shape to let the water go by," says Harman, founder and CEO of PAX Scientific, a San Rafael, Calif., designer of high-efficiency rotors and fans.
Unlike conventional fans that generate centrifugal forces, PAX Scientific's designs create centripetal flows that are pulled toward the center of the axis of rotation. This greatly reduces drag and generates energy savings. Founded in 1997, the company spent five years in R&D and now wants to license its technology. It launched commercialization efforts two years ago and is currently developing products with manufacturers in the automotive, industrial, and home-appliance fields. Some products could be in service as early as next year. Among the vast range of proposed applications are cooling fans for industrial, commercial, and consumer use, and mixers for blending paint and other products and for keeping municipal water systems fresh.
(
Learning at Mother Nature's Knee - Fortune, August 26, 2005, by John Greenwald.)

...when he spends time in nature, he moves very, very slowly. In the forest, he walks barefoot, off trail. "It can take me a couple of hours to go a hundred yards," he says. "Sometimes I just watch the ants." Keeping nature unspoiled, he says, is "the only thing in life that interested
me with any sort of power." He found the conservation work he did in Australia boundlessly frustrating: "I would work for two or three years on protecting an environment, and with a stroke of a pen, a politician would hand it over to bauxite mining," he recalls.

What was needed, he decided, was a different approach. "For me, the way to move forward was to try and develop technologies that actually assisted the environment, while also demonstrating to those people running the commercial world that they could make money," he says. "So I started examining the underlying principles in nature that give it sustainability."
Having spent a lot of his life watching water flow, both as a diver and as a sailor, one of those principles fairly leaped out at him. Liquids flow in a consistent pattern, a three-dimensional centripetal spiral . "You pull the plug in a bathtub, and you get a whirlpool," he explains. "The shape of that movement is common throughout everything, from the spiraling galaxies to the shape of your eyelash. And so what we did is reverse-engineer the whirlpool."
Harman's company, Pax Scientific, applied the spiraling geometric pattern of the whirlpool to the design of a domestic exhaust fan and created one that is half as noisy and three-quarters more energy-efficient. What he calls the "Pax streamlining principle" also applies to industrial mixers, automotive cooling systems, water pumps, even devices for circulating blood in the
body. His company now leases its technology to the producers of a wide variety of industrial, commercial, and residential applications. His team of engineers is working on methods for applying spiraling geometry to wind turbines, aircraft fuselages, and marine propellers.
Increasing the efficiency of everyday technology is a huge boon for the environment, Harman points out. "If you use three-quarters less energy, then you have three-quarters less pollutants going into the atmosphere." He hopes that designs like his are also changing the way the world looks at nature. "Nature has already solved every problem humans face and have ever faced," he says. "If you see nature as our university, you're not going to burn down the university; you're going to protect it."

( Earth's Innovators - Sierra, July/August 2005, by Dashka Slater. )




http://www.biomimicry.net/
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Input format.

Fixed your input format, which should have been "Full HTML" instead of "Filtered HTML", which caused it to remove formatting such as the paragraphs.

Your website

You should translate the German articles into English.
Reason: Many readers, like me, do not read German. More inportant reason, there are many readers in USA who need to get acquainted with your work and become knowlwdgeable in free energy information that is being deliberately supressed in United States.
Thank you.

hey. i don't speak a word of

hey. i don't speak a word of german. its all well and good coming here and demanding stuff, but i don't see anyone willing to invest time OR money into translating them into english. there are over 160 issues of implosion magazine which should be translated, but neither time nor money is forthcoming to these efforts. there could be way more articles in the german language here if we had the time to go through them, but since we don't speak german or comprehend it properly, no further articles will be posted.a group effort could make it happen (translation of major articles+books on schauberger, tesla, etc), but that either requires people moving to other countries (for instance sweden), or a sizable donation to, for instance, the institute of ecological technology ( http://www.iet-community.org ). they were the latest people interested in translating viktor schauberger's writings into english.

and besides. there are plenty enough books available in english that are NOT being studied because people are too busy sitting around moaning about being suppressed.
there's two types of suppression going on. suppression by "them big evil dudes there who have all the power and all the money", and then suppression by "us poor folks who just don't have the time, skills, or access to the right articles so lets just demand tesla's missing papers and hope those big evil dudes will give us what we won't find ourselves by proper research" = wilful ignorance..

get Tesla's lectures, articles and patents, released during his lifetime, study it. it is for sale. get "a new concept of the universe" "the universal one" and "atomic suicide" by walter russell and find exactly why Tesla told Russell to hide his scientific knowledge for a thousand years (Tesla verified that Russell's view on electricity was the natural one)..

the answers are out there. and if you truly want to read those german pages you can't currently read, either use googletranslation, a friend who knows german (do you know any? _send them our way_), or learn it yourself.

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